Early Modern English was not rich and constant in terms of grammar and vocabulary. In the 16. Century, English started to be affected and correlated with the other languages via wars and government issues. In the Age of Elizabeth, English started to be used in many different areas but there was a problem: limited vocabulary. There were many scholars and authors who tried to obviate this problem. One of those authors was William Shakespeare who had invented more than one thousand words and used these words in his plays and sonnets so he had chance to show those words to people. Not only words, he also coined new phrases. Some of the phrases that Shakespeare first to use:
‘A dish fit for the gods’ (Julius Caesar): An offering high quality.
‘To be or not to be that’s the question’(Hamlet): Is it better to live or to die?
‘Fight fire with fire’ (King John): Responding to a attack with the same method that you have been attacked.
‘Vanish into thin air’ (Othello): Disappear without trace.
‘Salad days’ (Anthony and Cleopatra): The day’s of one’s youthful experience.
And some words that Shakespeare invented:
Sanctimonious, fashionable, bedazzle, go-between, lustrous, inauspicious, unearhty, vulnerable...